Glenohumeral Joint Dislocations

Causes  |  Symptoms  |  Treatment Options

What Is A Glenohumeral Joint Dislocations?

The shoulder joint is where the large upper arm bone (the humerus) sits in the socket (glenoid) located at the end of the shoulder blade (scapula).

This kind of joint is referred to as a ball and socket joint. The joint becomes dislocated when the head of the humerus moves out of the socket of the shoulder complex.

What Are The Symptoms of Glenohumeral Joint Dislocations?

Typically, a glenohumeral joint dislocation can be identified by severe shoulder pain, swelling or bruising of the upper arm, along with numbness or weakness in the arm, neck, and fingers.

Additionally, patients may notice that the arm appears to be out of place.

What Are the Treatment Options Available for Glenohumeral Joint Dislocations?

Treatment for dislocations will depend on the type and the severity of the dislocation. Medication will generally be provided in the forms of painkillers and anti-inflammatories and can be accompanied by manipulation (if possible) to put the joint back in place.

In more severe cases, surgery may be needed should manipulation not be possible or if the dislocation damages blood vessels, nerves, bones, muscles or ligaments surrounding the joint.

In either case, physiotherapy will be recommended to strengthen the surrounding muscles and ligaments to hasten the healing process and reduce recovery time.