In this article
- 1 Knee Conditions
- 2 Posterior Cruciate Ligament
- 3 Medial Collateral Ligament
- 4 Posterolateral Corner & Lateral Collateral Ligament
- 5 Patella Tendinopathy
- 6 Quadriceps & Hamstring Tendinopathy
- 7 Iliotibial Band Friction (ITB) Syndrome
- 8 Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
- 9 Cartilage Ulcers
- 10 Rheumatoid Arthritis
- 11 Gout & Pseudogout
- 12 Bow-Leg
- 13 Knock-Knee
If your knee pain is bothering you and affecting your ability to perform everyday tasks, do not hesitate to make an appointment with us. It’s better to play it safe than to keep doing the things that may cause your knee condition to deteriorate. And with treatment, you could be feeling better fast.
At SportsIn Orthopaedic Clinic, we have a dedicated team of knee specialist orthopaedic surgeons who will provide a detailed diagnosis and custom treatment plan for your knee conditions.
With our four convenient locations at Mt Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre, Farrer Park Medical Centre, Gleneagles Medical Centre, and Mount Alvernia Hospital our specialist orthopaedic surgeons are ready to put you on the path to recovery.
Here are some examples of the knee conditions we treat:
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
The posterior cruciate ligament is an important ligament in the middle of the knee which helps stabilise the knee during movement. Patients with a torn posterior cruciate ligament may feel that the knee is unstable and may often give way, especially when descending a flight of stairs or when trying to stop when running.
Medial Collateral Ligament
The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is an important stabilising ligament over the inner side of the knee.
This is commonly injured when the knee splits out sideways, which can occur during activities such as slipping on a wet floor or skiing.
Posterolateral Corner & Lateral Collateral Ligament
The posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee is a collection of ligaments and tendons over the outer-back part of the knee.
Injuries to the PLC often include tears to the lateral collateral ligament and the posterior cruciate ligament.
The patella tendon is the tendon that connects the kneecap to the front of the shin bone.
Activities that cause repetitive stress to the tendon can cause wear and tear or inflammation of the tendon.
Quadriceps & Hamstring Tendinopathy
The quadriceps and hamstring are tendons that connect the large thigh muscles over the front and back of the knee to the kneecap and shin bone, respectively.
Tendinopathy of these tendons is often caused by overuse or strain.
Iliotibial Band Friction (ITB) Syndrome
The iliotibial band (ITB) is a tight band that runs down the outer side of the thigh. It starts above the hip joint and attaches over the outer side of the knee.
Iliotibial band friction syndrome occurs when a tight ITB causes inflammation over the outer side of the knee.
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) occurs when one develops pain from cartilage damage between the kneecap and the end of the thigh bone.
Cartilage is the smooth covering over the joints which allow two bones to glide over each other with friction or wear and tear.
Cartilage ulcers occur when the cartilage is damaged, resulting in the underlying bone being exposed.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and damages multiple joints in the body.
Gout & Pseudogout
Gout and pseudogout are types of joint problems in which crystals form in the joints, resulting in pain and swelling.
Bow-leggedness is the physical appearance of the lower limbs adopting an ‘O’ shape due to the curving in at the knee joint.
This may sometimes be present from when one is young but can also develop when the inner sides of the knees wear out, as is often the case with knee osteoarthritis.
Knock-Knee is a physical appearance where both knees touch each other, and the feet cannot be placed side by side when standing straight.
This is usually developmental from when one is growing up, although it may also occur after significant damage to the knee or meniscus (shock absorber).