In this article
- 1 Trauma
- 2 Dislocations
- 3 Glenohumeral Joint Dislocations
- 4 Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations
- 5 Elbow Joint Dislocations
- 6 Sternoclavicular Joint Dislocations
- 7 Fractures
- 9 Clavicle (Collarbone) Fracture
- 10 Scapula (Shoulder Blade) Fracture
- 11 Humerus Shaft (Arm) Fracture
- 12 Distal Humerus (Elbow) Fracture
- 13 Radius & Ulna (Forearm) Fractures
- 14 Femur (Thigh Bone) Fracture
- 15 Knee Fracture
- 16 Tibia (Shin Bone) Fracture
- 17 Ankle Fracture
At SportsIn Orthopaedic Clinic, our orthopaedic specialists treat a number of different trauma-related injuries, and we are able to provide various types of treatment for these injuries depending on the severity and type. The most common of these trauma-related injuries are dislocations and fractures.
With our four convenient locations at Mt Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre, Farrer Park Medical Centre, Gleneagles Medical Centre, and Mount Alvernia Hospital our specialist orthopaedic surgeons are ready to put you on the path to recovery.
Here are some examples of the trauma cases we treat:
A dislocation is an injury whereby the bones in a joint are forced apart due to impact pressure. The joints in our body are the places in which we can move our bones against each other.
These bone-joint connection points have a fixed position where they can move freely in a particular range of motion. Different joints have different ranges of motion and can either be mobile or stable.
The joints become dislocated when they are no longer in these fixed positions. Sometimes joints are only partially dislocated, and this is referred to as a subluxation.
Glenohumeral Joint Dislocations
The shoulder joint is where the large upper arm bone (the humerus) sits in the socket (glenoid) located at the end of the shoulder blade (scapula).
This kind of joint is referred to as a ball and socket joint. The joint becomes dislocated when the head of the humerus moves out of the socket of the shoulder complex.
Acromioclavicular Joint Dislocations
The Acromioclavicular (AC) joint sits between the lateral end of the collarbone (clavicle) and a small facet on the large bony projection on the superior end of the scapula (the acromion).
The AC joint attaches one’s scapula to our clavicle. The joint is dislocated when the clavicle becomes disconnected from the scapula.
Elbow Joint Dislocations
The elbow joint is a type of hinge joint between the distal end of the humerus in the upper arm and the proximal ends of the ulna and radius (forearm bones) in the forearm.
The elbow is dislocated when both the humerus, ulna and/or the radius are out of alignment.
Sternoclavicular Joint Dislocations
The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is the connection of the breastbone (sternum) to the clavicle.
An SC joint dislocation is a relatively uncommon type of dislocation due to its stability and minimal range of motion. The clavicle will either dislocate in front of (an anterior SC dislocation) or behind (a posterior SC dislocation) the sternum.
A fracture is the breaking of a bone in the body. Fractures can occur in any bone of the body. They appear as either a full or partial break in the continuity of the bone. Bone fractures can occur crosswise, lengthwise, in several places or even be a complete breaking of the bone into many pieces. It is also possible for multiple fractures to occur in the same bone.
Fractures can be classified according to their break patterns.
Some examples are:
Clavicle (Collarbone) Fracture
Clavicle fractures are typically caused by direct impact to the collarbone. This is often the result of a fall or a car crash. Falling onto an outstretched arm may also result in a collarbone fracture.
Scapula (Shoulder Blade) Fracture
The shoulder blade, or scapula, refers to the bone located at the back of one’s shoulder. It is located between the shoulder and the spine.
Scapula fractures are typically the result of direct trauma to the side or back.
Humerus Shaft (Arm) Fracture
Your humerus forms part of the shoulder joint, acting as the connection to your scapula and part of your elbow and forearm. The centre of the humerus is referred to as the humeral shaft. When impact or trauma occurs, it usually results in a fracture to this part of the humerus.
Distal Humerus (Elbow) Fracture
Your humerus forms part of the shoulder joint, acting as the connection to your scapula and part of your elbow and forearm. A distal humerus fracture refers to a break in the lower end of the humerus.
Radius & Ulna (Forearm) Fractures
Radius and ulna fractures, also known as forearm fractures, are commonly seen fractures of the forearm. As with other fractures, they are caused by either direct or indirect trauma to the area.
Femur (Thigh Bone) Fracture
The femur, or thigh bone, is the largest bone in the body. Your femur is responsible for the ability to stand and walk. Being the most prominent bone in the human body, it is also the heaviest and strongest, a femur fracture requires a large amount of force or trauma to the area.
The knee is the meeting place of several bones. They are the kneecap, tibia, femur, and fibula. Damage to any of these bones may result in a knee fracture. Fractures of the knee are sustained through a fall or trauma to the knee.
Tibia (Shin Bone) Fracture
The shin bone, or tibia, is one of the most commonly fractured bones in the human body. A tibia fracture is typically caused by trauma to the area.
When one or more bones within the ankle sustain trauma, either a fall, a car crash, or high-impact sports, it can result in a fractured ankle.